Maria Elena Scoppio
Director for Indirect Taxation and Tax Administration, DG TAXUD European Commission
Visiting fellow, Bruegel
Senior Economist, Policy Center for the New South
Professor in Practice and Strategic Director, Firoz Lalji Institute for Africa, LSE
Co-Director of Development Cooperation in Europe and Senior Policy Fellow, CGD
On October 1st, the 3-year transition period of the EU CBAM Regulation will begin. Starting in 2026, importers of certain carbon-intensive goods will be required to pay the EU carbon price for emissions embedded in these goods. Applied for iron and steel, cement, fertilizers, aluminium, electricity, and hydrogen, this new carbon border charge will have a significant impact on the trade and economy of the countries exporting these goods, including in the EU’s neighbourhood and sub-Saharan Africa. CGD analysis indicates that Mozambique, a large aluminum exporter, could experience a fall of 1.6 percent of its GDP as a result of a shift in demand following the introduction of the CBAM. Moreover, while EU industries benefit from subsidies to decarbonize their production with technological progress, there is a risk that industries in low- and middle-income countries (LMICS) will lack the resources to do the same.
In this context, the Center for Global Development and Bruegel will gather experts to look more closely at the impact of the CBAM on developing countries and how the EU plans to support them in meeting the new requirements or mitigating the resulting trade diversion. As the CBAM regulation includes provisions to work with low- and middle-income countries to assist them in the decarbonization of their carbon-intensive industries, this event aims to shed light on those plans, and the related needs for climate finance.
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